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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Baltimore Yearly Meeting Indian Committee Minutes

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that half a mile below the Station, is a village, where they found
fourteen families of the Eel River Indians, which has this summer,
been increased by several families and many more are expected
this fall; That these Indians have raised a good crop of Corn, and
have several Horses, Cows, and many Hogs. Another village of
twenty families, of the Miamis, is settled about a half mile above
the Station. These have also raised a good crop of Corn, and
have several Horses and Cattle, and at least on hundred Hogs.
At both of those villages their Corn was planted by white people,
employed by the Indian agent, who, with their consent, deducts the
expence out of their annuities. After the Corn was planted, they
cultivated themselves.

Adjacent to the Station, several families of Weas Indians are
settled, who have cleared six acres of land. The family with
which Philip Dennis resided, being one of them. This six acres,
together with part of what Philip Dennis cleared, which was not
cultivated by William and Mahlon Kirk, they have themselves cul-
tivated in Corn, except one plowing given it by William Kirk.
From this ground William expects they will have from sixty to
seventy bushels per acre. The young Indian who worked with
Philip Dennis, has a good sock of Cattle, and about four hundred
hogs.

William further observes, that he visited several of the Indian
villages in that country, the Indians, at most of which, were anxious
to engage in the cultivation of their lands, and very solicitous
that aid should be extended to them by Friends; but he uniform-
ly replied to them that Friends had it not in their power to aid
more settlements than the one at present under their care. He
also informs, that the progress made by the Indians in civilization
surpasses any thing that could have been expected in so short a
time. There are, nevertheless, many amongst them, who have no
disposition to labour.

The Indian agent and all the other officers of government, have
been very kind, and have done all in their power to make their situa-
tion comfortable. The young Indian who distinguished himself by
working with Philip Dennis, gave them twenty Bushels of Corn and
some Hogs in return for the benefits received from the Friends last year.
Some of almost all the tribes residing within sixty miles of the sta-
tion, have visited them; these, and all the other Indians in the neigh-
bourhood have been very friendly and well disposed. He further
says, that he delivered the address from the committee, directed
by him to the principal Chiefs of the Miamis and others; in an-
swer to which, a reply was received from the Little Turtle, on behalf
of his own tribe, from which the following is an extract.

Brothers and Friends,

The words which you spoke to me and my brother chiefs, who
accompanied me to Baltimore some years ago, are yet fresh in my
memory, and also in the memory of your red brethren in this
country; for hen I returned home I explained faithfully to them
all that you requested.

Brothers,
All you have said to us at and since that period, has been com-
municated to your red brothers of this country, which has caused
them to believe that you are their friends, and wish to relieve them
as far as lays in your power.

Brothers,
Two springs ago you made your appearance here amongst us,
and said it pleased the Great Spirit that you should visit us;
which visit is gratefully acknowledged by your red brethren in this
country.

Brothers,
You told us at that time you came to give us all the assistance
in your power, and requested us to point out a place where we
thought your services would be of most benefit to us; we request-
ed you to go to the place where our friend William Kirk, who is
now present, has resided this summer; this place we chose be-
cause it was the most public, and would afford passengers an op-
portunity of seeing what was done more than any other we could
point out. You then raised a great crop of Corn and gave it to
your red brethren; the receipt of which was thankfully acknow-
ledged by them.

Brothers,
You have now again made your appearance amongst your red
brethren in this country; they have listened to your words with
attention, and find they correspond with the first words you spoke
to us. You told us you came to occupy the same ground that you
had occupied two years ago, but did not request us to point out
to you at what place your services would be most beneficial, as
you did when you first arrived amongst us, which has prevented
your red brethren, residing elsewhere, from participating in your services