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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Baltimore Yearly Meeting Indian Committee Minutes

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the United States. At that time any com-
munications our Brothers wish to make to
their red brethren, will be safely handed to
us by your white brother, our interpreter
now with us, who is our agent at that
place.

He then sits down—after a short pause
rises again,

Brothers,
I must add a few words further: I find
that I have not fully answered all the
questions that our brothers have put to us.

Brothers and Friends,
It is the real wish of your brothers the
Indians, to engage in the cultivation of our
lands—And although the game is not yet
so scarce, but that we can get enough to
eat, we know it is becoming scarce, and
that we must begin to take hold of such
tools as we see are in the hands of the
white people.

Brothers and Friends,
We are now on our way to see the great
chiefs of the Americans at their council.
We are glad to find that they remember
their red brethren, and rejoice to believe
that the Great Spirit has put it into the
heart of the great chief of the white peo-
ple to do us such services as will add to the
comfort of his red children.

Brothers and Friends,
I will now only add, that I rejoice to
believe that your friendship to your red
brethren is a friendship that is pure—a
friendship that comes from the heart—You
want no compensation from the Indians
for your services to them. You do not
want to take away our lands from us—
you have always made use of this language
to us; and it has always been with plea-
sure that I have communicated it to our
brethren. Brothers, we are a jealously
disposed people—almost every white man
that comes amongst us, endeavors all he
can to cheat us; this has occasioned jeal-
ousy among us. But your talks, brothers,
are different; we believe you, when you
say you want no compensation from us,
for your services to your red brethren.

Sits down.

Five Medals, chief of the Pattawattamies,
rises:

Friends and Brothers,
I rejoice to hear that you have so much
compassion on your red brethren. As my
friend the Little Turtle has observed, it is
not the first time that we have received to-
kens of friendship from you. It is some
years since the treaty of Grenville, where
we first experienced the friendship of our
brothers, the Quakers. Some time after
the treaty, my friend the Little Turtle
visited the great council of the white peo-
ple held at Philadelphia; he there saw our
friends and brothers, the Quakers—He
was there informed of their good wishes,
and of the great friendship they had for
their red brethren. He returned home
and informed of all the great talks he had
with our brothers, the Quakers, of Phila-
delphia.

It is truly pleasing to me, Brothers, to
hear the same talks my friend had inform-
ed me of, now repeated on my arrival at
Baltimore by our friends and brothers the
Quakers.

I hope, Brothers, that the Great Spi-
Rit, who has the disposal of men will assist
you in your laudable undertakings, and
enable you to be of service to your red
Brethren.

Friends and Brothers,
The talks that you have now delivered
to us shall be carefully collected, wrapped
up, and put in our hearts—we will not for-
get them. On our return home we will
have them communicated from the head to
the mouth of the Wabasu—from this to
the Missisippi, and up that river until it
strikes the Lakes, thence round by Michil-
limackanack
until they come back again
to the same place. What we say to you,
you may be assured does not come from one
man—it comes from many—and what you
have said to us, you speak it to but a
few, but it shall be communicated to many.

Brothers and Friends,
I observed to our friends the Quakers
of Philadelphia, five days ago, what I
now say to you—That we wish our bro-
thers, the Quakers, to render us those
services which they have proposed. We
promise that nothing shall be wanting on
our part to give aid to so desirable a
thing in our country. Our situation at
present will not admit of carrying such
a plan so fully into execution as might
be desired by our brothers; but that, I
hope, will not prevent you from making
trial. If we had such tools as you make
use of and which add so much to your
comfort—for we have been lost in wonder
at what we have seen amongst you—if
we had these instruments, we should, I
hope, be willing to use them; and in the
course of a little time, there would be
people amongst us that would know well
how to use them, through the assistance
they might obtain from you and the rest
of our white friends.

Brothers and Friends,
Whatever goods you may have in store
for your red brothers, we cannot but wish
that you will shew them to us as soon
as possible. That we can yet live upon
the game of our country, is true; but
we know that this will not be the case
long. Brothers, from the great things and
the astonishing wonders which we have
seen among you, and finding that they
all come out of the earth, it makes me anx-
ious to try if I cannot get some for my-
self. I hope, brothers, that by the aid
of the Great Spirit, and of our friends
and brothers, the Quakers, together with
the government of the United States, that
we shall yet be enabled to get these good
things for ourselves—such as will make
us, our women, and our children happy.

Brothers,
We do not know what our brothers, the
Quakers of Philadelphia, may have in con-
templation to do for their red brethren, but
we hope it will be something that will add
to our comfort; we hope it will be some-
thing by which we shall profit; something
by which we shall be enabled to cultivate
our lands, and live by the fruits of the
earth. We have been walking in a thorny
path; we want to get into your track and
follow it; and the sooner this is put into
our power, I am convinced the better it
will be for our red brethren.

Brothers and Friends,
I have not much to say further; what
has now been said to you is the voice
of the Pattawattamy, Miami, Delaware,
Shawanese, Weas, Eel-River, Pianka-
Shaw
, Kickapoo, and Kaskaskias tribes
of Indians. I rejoice, brothers, that we
now know each other, and hope if you have
any thing to communicate to your red
brethren, that it will come to us through
your brother, William Wells, our inter-
preter, who resides in our country. We
can place great confidence in him: He
if the only white man in our country we
will trust; we shall then get it, and do
now assure you, that is shall be faithfully
sent to all these people, in the manner
you wish it to be.

Brothers and Friends,
I hope the Great Spirit will assist you
in your undertakings to do your red
brethren good. Your movements towards
the Wyandots have not met with that
success which they have deserved. It
makes me sorry to find an answer form
them of the kind you have mentioned.
There is a great deal, brothers, in hav-
ing a good interpreter, and beginning at the
right end of the business.

[The proceedings of the second conference will
appear in our next.]