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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Committee on Indian Concerns Scrapbook

Page out of 220

No. 4

The whole of the Indian population on this
reservation is estimated at 1500, which are
divided into 275 families, and their farms are
estimated from small lots up to 200 acres;
from which they raise wheat & other grain
with vegetables sufficient for their own cons-
umption and some for sale. Most of their Orchards
are young trees of a good selection, having
an eye to the eastern markets. They have up-
wards of 36 frame dwellings, many of the newly built
ones, are of good size, and much taste is dis-
played in finishing them in good style, and
is the work of the natives; also 34 frame
barns with other outbuildings.

Their improvements along the roads
has the appearance of considerable industry,
refined taste and enterprise. Their farms are
generally pretty well stocked with horses,
cows, sheep and hogs; and they own unwards
of 90 wagons including some light ones;
17 men follow differnet mechanical branches
on the reservation and upwards of 20 have learning
sufficient to transact business with themselves
and the nation. About 250 children of
an age to attend school, 3 schools have
been taught most of the year, but this last
winter in consequence of much sickness throug-
hout the nation, the schools have been unusually
small; upward of 60 deaths have occurred
since 10th month, but is now much abated.

Two of the above named schools are day
schools, taught by presbyterians

; the other a
boarding school for females under the care of the
Hicksites, with an average number of 24 girls
who are taught domestic work as well as the use
of books; a very important part of an Indian education.