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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Committee on Indian Concerns Scrapbook

Page out of 220

No. 3

Their stock of cattle is estimated at 250, viz.
70 horses, 50 sheep & a considerable number of
hogs; 30 wagons and 17 frame barns &c. There
are 48 families, 14 of them live in comfortable frame
houses, and the neatness of some of their buildings,
and the improvement around their dwellings
are quite respectable, a stranger would not
suspect, that he was on an Indian reservation.

The furniture in some house is
quite costly, and considerable systen is obser-
ved in their domestic arrangements, but
this is not characteristic of them as a nation.

There are 100 children that ought to go to
school, but the schooling of their children
is much neglected; they have a good school
house and a day school in opperation, but
not well sustained by the natives.

A few Mechanics amongst the young
men, but only one follows it as a business.

The Methodists

have labored among the
Oneidas & Onondagas, with some success;
a missionary is employed to labor among
the natives of both reservations, and the Pagan
party meet once a week for the exercise of
what they consider religious worship, which is
conducted in some solemnity, and the people
are exhorted to observe temperance, honesty
and strict integrity in keeping up the traditions
of their forefathers.

On the Cattaraugus

reservation which
embraces a tract land about 5 1/2 miles square
in Cattaraugus County, there are four rem-
nants of tribes besides senecas, which are
privaleged to live promiscuously through the
nation and enjoy equal privaleges to the soil
with any of the nation;