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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Committee on Indian Concerns Scrapbook

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of the perfect knowledge which he possessed of the English,
as well as his native language. The proposals made by
the agent of the proprietors, to the Chiefs in council,
were fully explained to them; and they were distinctly ad-
vised by me, that if a sale was made, it must be a
voluntary act on their part, as they were at perfect liberty,
to sell their lands or to retain them, as they should
under the circumstances think expedient and proper.

Red Jacket

, opposed the sale, of any of the Indian
lands, from commencement of the negotiation. There-
fore, after the treaty was committed to writing, and
ready to be executed, he was advised by me, that
if on mature reflection, his opinion should remain
unchanged, he ought not to sign it, as his name
and seal would be evidence of approbation, and
could not be contradicted. It was there read,
article by article, in presence of myself, W. N.
, superintendent on the part of Massachu-
. Horatio Jones, interpreter, Jasper Parrish, agents,
and interpreted by Dr. Jimeson, by whom no part of
it could have been misunderstood. Having been
there read, explained, and declared to be satisfactory,
it was executed by every one of the chiefs present.

Having understood that Red Jacket

, together
with a number of the Tonewanta Indians (most of
whom are not Chiefs) had procured a remonstrance
to be drawn at Butavia, a village about forty
miles East of this place; which remonstrance
they had signed, and caused to be forwarded to
the seat of Government, I thought it my duty thus
briefly to state the facts in relation to the treaty,
and in which every person present will fully con-
cur. I was aware at the time, that a few of the
Indians who were scattered over the small reservations
upon the Genesee river, and a part of the Tonnewan-
, were opposed to the proceeding; but they compose
a very small proportion of the tribe, and have very
little weight in its councils. As it regards these
people, I am satisfied the sale is a beneficial
one, and believe the stipulated annuity, equal to
the fair value of the lands sold, including the
amount paid for the preemption right. I beg to be
advised of the receipt of the treaty, and of the
fulfilment of the Conditions thereof, on the part
of the grantees.

I have the honor &.
(signed)Oliver Forward.Commissioner.