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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Committee on Indian Concerns Scrapbook

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where all the children attending them are taught
in the english language. These Schools are rep-
resented to be in a flourishing condition, and in
thier general features are similar to our district
schools in New England. Many of the Cherokees

manifest an interest for the welfare of thier chil-
dren, and the rising generation; and have recently
made very considerable appropriations in order to
extend the benefits of education and civilization
amongst them more generally. They have a
printing press in the nation where they have thier
laws and public documents printed both in the English
and Cherokee language.

We arrived at the Council ground at a time
when thier National Council was in session.

The Government is divided into three departments
viz. executive, legislative, and judicial. They
style the head of the Executive department Principal
Chief, Thier legislative department is divided into
a Committee and Council. The Judiciary is com-
posed of a supreme court, and an inferior or Circuit
Court. John Rop

is now and has been for
many years Head Chief of the Nation.

Thier Committee and Council consist of
fifteen members each, elected by the people: all laws
are enacted by the Legislature and signed by the Princi-
pal Chief. Thier Supreme Court is composed of five
judges. At the head of this Court is Jesse Biskey-

, a half blood Indian, and a Baptist preacher

We were introduced to all the members of the
several departments of Government, where we had an
opportunity of witnessing thier manner of transacting
business, which altho. simple and plain, was nev-
ertheless very much to the point

The whole nation (or at least as many as wi-
shed to assemble) were one day while we were there collec-
ted together in order to hear the annual message of
thier Principal Chief, and likewise the Report
of the delegation who were sent to Washington

the last winter to transact some business with the
Government; which Report embraced all their
correspondence with the President and Secretary
of War. This Message and Report were drawn up
with ability.

We witnessed nothing like a spirit of
hostility on the part of these Indians towards the

of the United States; and yet they have
not forgotten the wrongs that have been practiced
upon them by the whites. It affords them some
relief when they can meet with persons who are
willing to lend a listening ear to the sad tale of
those sufferings and miseries caused by the State
of Georgia, as well as the Agents and officers of the
General Government. By accounts from persons
of unimpeachable veracity, those who were eye
witness of some of the horrid scenes, we were led to think
that the half had never met the public eye

They treated us with kindness and much
attention while we were in the Nation, and altho.
they have not had much acquaintance with mem-
bers of our religious society until recently; yet
they looked upon them as thier friends, and spoke
with grateful hearts of the benevolent and Chris-
tian interposition of Friends in a great many
instances on behalf of the red man.

Much might be said respecting the advance-
ment of this Tribe in civilization &c; but we
will conclude by saying that our hearts were
made to feel deeply for them, and to put up
our feeble petitions to the Father of all our sure
mercies, that He might yet smile upon this strip-
ped and pealed people, and awaken them under
a sense of the mercies extended to themselves to
a feeling of thier own obligation to deal justly, and
show mercy, and kindness to those poor descend-
ants of the African race who are held in bon-
dage among them.

A band of the Seminole

(lately from Florida) were temporarily settled upon
the Cherokee's land near by the Council ground,
at the head of which, were two Chiefs by the
names of Wild Cat, and Alligator, who were
noted men in the late Florida War. We held
two Councils with these Chiefs, at one of which
came about Twenty of their principal men;
Wild Cat and Alligator made many bitter