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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Committee on Indian Concerns Scrapbook

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overcoming these prejudices in conseguence of the ill
treatment they had in too many instances recieved
from them. There is at this time no school
nor religious institution in this Tribe.

A few of them profess the Christian relig-
ion and have joined themselves to some of the dif-
ferent religious sects, the greater part of them yet
adhere to thier former views and superstitious
worship. Nearly all of them are engaged in
agricultural pursuits in a small way, and keep va-
rious kinds of domestic animals. We did not learn
that any of this small Tribe keep sheep or manu-
facture cloth of any kind. Thier principal food
is pork, and deer, wild fowl, corn bread, potatoes
and other vegetables. Some of them have laid
aside the blanket as an article of dress, but the
greater part attire themselves in the Indian style;
and in no important particular differ from the
other Tribes that have been removed from the
East. They are said to be very immoral in
thier conduct among the neighboring whites; they
are unwilling to recieve white men among them
as teachers, but would not object to having thier
children instructed in english by persons of thier
own cast is those suitably qualified could be pro-
cured. They are located upon a small tract
of land west of the State of Missouri

, on the Ne-
osho River
bordering on the Cherokee nation; and
numbered at the time of thier removal Five
hundred and fifty one, but have since diminished

The Cherokee


This Tribe is settled on lands laying west of
the State of Arkansaas

, bordering on the Arkansas
and numbered about Twenty Thousand souls, it is
thought they have diminished in number since thier
removal west. The history of this nation is
generally known to the public, therefore it may not
be expected to be so particular in our account of
them. We entered upon the north east corner
or thier lands, and travelled south to thier lands
bordering on the west line of Arkansas, are hilly
and well watered and timbered, but not well adap-
ted to agriculture: in other parts it is level and
fertile. The Cherookees live principally by farming,
they raise neat cattle, horses and other domestic
animals, and keep an abundance of poultry.

Some of the Nation are extensive farmers and
planters; Cotton is grown in the southern part of
the nation, where all who are able keep slaves to
cultivate the land, and do the work in thier houses
&. The manner and customs of this portion of
thier community, as well as thier style of dress and
mode of living does not differ materially from
the white planters in the south west. A few of
the Cherokees

are large slave holders.

Thier laws for the government of thier slaves
are similar to those of the Slave States. The slaves
frequently desert thier masters and run away.
Some cotton and woolen goods are manufactured
for domestic use. We saw a number of good
dwelling houses as we passed through thier country,
but the most of them reside in small log cabins.
They have more generally adopted the manners
of the whites than any other Tribe we have met with
While passing along we frequently saw white
men who were married to Indian women, and
in some instances an Indian man was connected
by marriage to a white woman.

There is less similarity in the general appearance
of the Cherokees

than in that of any other Tribe.
They are divided into three distanct classes. First.
Those who are pretty well civilized and appear
intelligent, Second, Those who may be reckoned
among the half civilized or apprentices in civili-
zation. Third, Those who have made but little
improvement in thier dress and manners--this class
is much the most numerous. They are cultivators
of the soil, and have generally given up hunting,
but are dissipated.

They have a number of Missionaries and native
preachers amongst them; and about Two Hundred
profess the Christian religion, and have joined them-
selves either to the Presbyterian

, Baptist, or Methodist
Societies. They have thirteen schools in the Nation