Header img
Beyond Penn's Treaty

Journal of a Journey

Page out of 37

view I was then favored with, which made me feel as
though I was only half satisfied. We returned to

and lodged, having ridden twenty-four
miles this day.


We set off and rode down the river by the side
of the rapids above the Falls for a little more than a
mile and then took another view of the great phenom-
enon; and I think this morning, the whole of the
prospect appeared more astonishingly great and beau-
tiful than I had ever seen it before, it being a clear
morning, and viewing the great fall and the dash-
ing of the huge and confused rolls of water over the
rocks in the rapids between us and the sun, to be
sure appeared amazingly grand and gratifying. We
then rode four or five miles to view the whirlpool,
which four years ago I thought as great a curiosity as
the other; yet I was disappointed now, though it ap-
peared a wonderful place, but very far inferior to
what it did then; there being but few logs in it, and
whether it was owing to the stillness of the day or
from some other cause, I know not, there did not
appear the sucks formed taking down the logs, nor the
very great agitation there was then. We then rode to
Wm. Lunday's

; dined; and thence to John Taylor's at
Pelham, where we met with James Wil-
, Isaac Bonsal, and myself, who went to Jeremiah
. Rode twenty-three miles to-day.


Attended the monthly meeting of Friends at

, which myself and others had established in
the year 1799. I remember it was a subject of great
weight with me at that time, being impressed with
some serious doubts that the members which were
to compose said monthly meeting were furnished
with religious experience or skill enough
to be in-
trusted with power to judge of the fitness of persons
to be received into membership, or to deny from the
privileges of the Society. And although there now
appear to be more in number than there were at
first opening, and some rather more experienced, yet
I apprehend they still remain in a very infant and
unskillful state. Isaac Bonsal, John Shoemaker, and
I endeavored to draw their attention by querying
with them whether they were easy to remain in a
careless situation respecting the foul channel in which
they receive or obtain the titles for their lands, or
whether it would not be better to apply for redress.
Some of them at first expressed they thought it was
a matter of no consequence, but others expressed
their dissatisfaction. At length they united in desir-
ing that the Yearly Meeting, or Meeting for Suffer-
ings, might take the matter upon their behalf.
Lodged at John Taylor's.


Isaac Bonsal

, John Shoemaker, George Vaux,
and myself rode to Queenstown and dined; then
crossed the great river Niagara where it is not half a
mile wide, but we were told the depth hath hitherto
been unfathomable. It looks a terrifying place to
cross; the water appears nearly as green as grass and
whirling round, I suppose occasioned by the great
rocks in the bottom; this being the place where I
apprehend the great Falls at some period exhibited the
grand appearance they now do up the river miles away.
We got over safely and in about five miles came to the
Tuscarora village of Indians, where I met with Jacob,
the Indian, who learned the smith trade with John
. He appeared much pleased with seeing us. A
number of other Indians were helping him to put up
a coal pit. He told us his cousin learned first, and a
great many of the white people from Queenstown
and Niagarabrought their smith work to him. From
his appearance and disposition of industry, I thought
our expense and trouble in educating him were well
spent. Then rode to one Beech's in the wilderness,
where we met with two families from Cattawissa, one
of which was Ezekiel James's, who were moving to
Yonge street in Upper Canada. We all lodged in this
cabin, being twenty-three of us besides the family;
having ridden thirty-three miles this day.


Rode forty miles to Batavia

. All the way
except one or two cabins and a few settlements a lit-
tle before we came to the town, this day's ride was
all through the Holland Purchase, and a good deal of
it very good land, especially near Batavia which is
the county town of a new county called Genesee,
containing about twenty-five houses, a large court-
house and jail. When I was through this country
four years ago, there was no settlement or improve-
ment from Buffalo to the eastern transit line of
the Holland land--which is above fifty miles. It is
surprising how the Eastern or New England men
open the woods and settle, it being chiefly men from
those states who emigrate into this new country; and
although I think the land in general is equal to what
I conceived it to be when here before, there is one
very discouraging consideration which is the great
scarcity of water, we having ridden in one place to-
day twenty-five miles without finding any for our-
selves or horses, and in general very scarce. But it
hath been an uncommon drought at this place. Joseph
lives here. We met with Thomas Stewardson,
Jacob Taylor being gone home. Thomas informed
us they had agreed with Ellicot for the land on Tune-
sasa Creek, which we had pitched upon for our young
men at Genesinguhta to settle upon. Here we lodged,
having ridden forty miles to-day.

[To be Concluded next week.]