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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Account of a visit paid to the Indians in New York State

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Oneida creek, & on the west, in the same
vally, a small stream, so that they are
well supplied with water; & towards the
south end of their village they have a
grist mill & a saw mill; their grist
mill does considerable work for the white
people, & there was a large quantity of
logs & boards at the saw mill both mills
are tended by Indians. We call’d to see
most of the families of note amongst them
also to see a school kept by a religious
Indian man, with whom I was much
pleas’d; many of the women were
solid, sensible, & engaging; their houses
were clean, with wooden floors & glass
windows; themselves & families mostly clean
& neat, & the men & boys were hoeing corn & c
I thought there was as much difference
between Cornplanter’s people & this nation
as between this people & the better livers