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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Journal, Visit to Indians in New York State, v.3

Page out of 38

about 3 Quarters of an Acre being encompassd by which
entrenchment apparently intended for Pikes and having a
level Gateway on the back side. It occupies a consider
able Entrance or open up the mountains, laying behind which
puts down to the main creek, and is now overgrown w/
heavy Timber of at least an Hundred Years growth.
On our way to the saw mill we passd thro' some very good
corn, where the large Walnut Trees, killd by Girdling, are
standing. As we returnd home stopd at the Village of the
Muncy Indians

& talkd with several, particularly the Chief
Warrior who was informed that we intended a Council to
morrow with the Cattaraugus Indians & if they had any
thing to communicate to us, they might do it as we passd
thro' their settlement. when we got into the Woods on
the Indian Reservation, curiosity induced us to measure
of the Walnut Trees there growing. One of them appeared by
our Measurement to be 15 Feet 8 Inches in Circumference
another 16 ft 2 Inches & a third 16 ft 5 Inches. at 2 ft 6 In
from the level of the Ground. They were also very straight
& tall, we unitedly concluded 60 feet without a [?]
& held their thickness remarkably well. there is little
Doubt but we could have found larger had we gone to
hunt them but these all stood close by our Road. On
getting to the House we also measured several
Poplar stumps all within about 60 yards of it--on
being 5 Feet 4 1/2 Inches in Diameter at the heighth of
4 ft 4 Inches over, at the same heighth
4 Feet, 4 & 5 Inches over, at near the same heighth.

9 mo. 29th

Met the Indians in Council at the Cataraugus

Village, about 30 being present. It was Announced
at Cold Spring by the Blowing of a Trumpet & when they