people, which, of course, will have the effect to
crimes. Such is the evil consequences of natural
wealth suddenly acquired, that it is always counter-
balanced by evils in the opposite scale.
What you have most of all to dread in America, as
a general corrupter of morals, is the want of a due
control on public houses and liquor shops, in your
bung-hole towns. Until publicans of all descriptions
are licensed, and put under strict regulations, the
abuses through this medium will increase, and pro-
duce excessive evils, which will be almost without a
remedy, if not prevented in due time.
The prohibition of distillation can never be expect-
ed in any country, and therefore all we can hope for,
is a strong control over those who deal it out to the pro-
fligate and the idle, and to those who are influenced
by their example.
At the commencement of the last year, I published
a tract on the duty of a constable, which I first meant
for the instruction of those in Westminster; but
in the progress of the composition, while the press
was going, I was induced to snatch an occasional
hour from public business, and to extend it so as to
apply to all England. In the appendix to this tract,
I have introduced rules and orders for publicans. I
shall send you this work, with others. You will
find in it a tolerable epitome of the manner in which
the general police of England is conducted. I wish
I could say it was conducted according to the true
and genuine spirit of the laws, upon which the sys-
tem is founded.
I conclude with my best thanks for the obliging
communications you have made to me, and the valua-
ble books and papers you have had the goodness to
send me on the interesting subject of Police.
My dear sir, your very obliged friend, P. COLQUHOUN.
Mr. THOMAS EDDY, New York.