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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Committee on Indian Concerns Scrapbook

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stringent laws for the government of thier slaves,
and for binding thier Chains more strongly upon

The Choctaw

fifth day of the week and first of Twelfth
month 1842.

After having finished our visit
to the Cherookees

, Creeks, and Seminoles, we
hired a private conveyance to Fort Smith, on
the border of the Choctaw nation. We there
took horses and rode fifteen miles to the Choctaw
Agency and put up at a Tavern kept by an
Indian woman. In the evening we had some
conversation with a young Indian who had been
educated at the Choctaw accademy in Kentucky; he
was not very
flattering. We learned while in the
Nation that at the Council lately held on
Red River, the Choctaws resolved not to have
anything more to do with that school.

Their annual Council was in Session
near the Red River

where the greater part of
the Choctaws reside.

Many of the Indians near Red River

said to live well, they keep slaves, and raise
Cotton for thier own consumption, and for mar-
ket, they also raise corn, wheat, potatoes and
other vegetables, and keep large stocks of neat
cattle, horses and swine, and a few of them
have sheep, and make some cotton and woolen
goods for thier slaves and for themselves.

They have in general comfortable log houses
and live like the new settlers in the west.

They have six or eight schools in the nation,
where the primary branches of an english education
are taught; there are however but a small por-
tion of the Choctaw

Children who are recieving
and education at schools, either in or out of the

We were informed that the Council
now in Session, have resolved to establish two
manual labour schools on an extensive plan.
One them is to be located on Red River

and the other at Fort Coffee on Arkansas
; and one important feature in the
plan about to be adopted by them is, that
the female children of the nation, are to be
educated at a place several miles distant from
where the males are educated.

They have appropriated Eighteen Thousand
Dollars towards the support of these schools.

It was reported that the Methodists were
expecting to have the control of the one at Fort

We visited one of thier primary schools
taught by a man from South Carolina, which
consisted of about Twenty Scholars. We were
pleased with the appearance of it, and thought
the teacher was doing well for the scholars.

He informed us that he had been engaged
in this school since 1838. and had a salary of
Eight hundred and fifty Dollars per annum.

The Country owned by the Choctaws
extends from the Arkansas

to the Red River, and
is generally fertile and well adapted to the grow-
th of cotton, corn, wheat, and potatoes.

Some of the Indians have embraced Chris-
tianity, but the greater part of them still ad-
here to thier old traditions. Some have become
temparate, but dissipation, idleness, and thier kin-
dred views are very prevalent amongst most of

The Government and Civil policy of
this Nation are similar to that of the Cherokees

heretofore discribed. We saw a few of the
Chickasaws, but ascertaining that there was no
material difference between these Indians and
the Choctaws, we did not consider ti important
for us to make a special visit to them.

They are settled on the Choctaws

land, and
speak the same language, and intermarry with