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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Committee on Indian Concerns Scrapbook

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discouragement to them.

With the exception of a few instances they
have made but little advancement in civilization.
Some of them live in poor log houses, and some
in wigwams--they generally wear the blanket,
and in most respects dress like the wild Indians.

They are much given to idleness, vice, and dissi-
pation. they have no school in any of these
Tribes--there is one Missionary amongst the Peorias

but none in any of the others.

Like many other Tribes they are fast
wasting away. Some of them are professors of
Christianity, but much the larger part of them still
adhere to thier old traditions.

They complain of having made a bad
Treaty with the General Government

, and are solic-
itous of further assistance from that source; and
say that if thier Great Father would send out some
good white men to instruct and advise them
they would endeavour to improve from it. We
encouraged them to break off from thier old habits
of dissipation and indolence, and to become a sober
and agricultural people; holding out to them the
advantage that would arise from such a change.

They manifestid much interest in what was
said to them, saying they believed it all to be true,
and hoped they might follow our advice. They
promised that they would tell thier absent broth-
ers what had been said to them and advise them
to mind it. They were pleased that we came
so far to see them and parted with us in a frien-
dly manner

After collecting the foregoing account re-
specting those small Tribes, we left for the Pot-

nation, situated on Potawatomie creek
about sixty miles from A L Davis' agency. We
arrived at the house of a man by the name of
Simmerwell a smith employed by the General
in repairing the Indian guns &c.
The day being too far spent for a council
with them that evening, we thought it most
advisable to have notice given for a meeting
with them in the morning.

This smith has been for many years engaged
amongst the Indians, in repairing their guns and
otherwise assisting them. We believed him sincere-
ly devoted to thier welare; he lamented thier de-
plorable condition; and from his own personal
knowledge of the facts attributed most of thier
misery to the avarice and wickedness of the traders
and other corrupt white men, who have ever since
his requaintance been prowling about them like
the beast for his prey.

Agreeably to our previous appointment we
met a number of the Chiefs and head men of
the nation at the house of the blacksmith.

We endeavoured to impress upon thier minds
the importance of a change in all thier habits
and modes of living, and to adopt the manners
and habits of good white men. They listened
attentively to what was communicated to them and
expressed thier gratitude towards the society of
Friends, that they had thought so much of them
as to send persons so far to look into their con-
dition. One of thier Chiefs remarked that
thier great father had promised to send them ma-
ny things, but said he, they have not yet got

The person who interpreted for us is a full
blood Indian, educated at Hamilton School in the
State of New York

, and speaks and writes the engl-
ish language well; he also converses freely in
the Potawatomie tongue, and may be reckoned
among the most intilligent of the Indians in the
west. he is married to a half blood woman
and possesses very considerable property; and might
have been rich, but for his great extravagance
and dissipation.

The Pottawatomies

are divided into three
bands. viz. Pottawatomies of St. Josephs--Pottawatomies
of the Wabash, and Pottawatomies of the Prairies.

The St. Joseph's

band formerly recieved some instruc-
tion from the Baptist missionaries while they were
located on the St. Joseph's river. This band live
principally by cultivating the soil, and what they