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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Committee on Indian Concerns Scrapbook

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provided the annuities paid to them were applied as they ought to be.

Our Society have engaged in this important Concern, under
an apprehendsion of Religious duty, and in the prosection of which,
they have been careful not to mix with the policy or the funds of the

--and we have been well satisfied, many times, that this
and this only, was safe ground for us to move on, and are induced to believe
that it remains, and will remain, so to be.

Under these views, we feel easy to rest the subject, as it relates
to the Indians on the Holland Purchase

, for the present, and suggest the
propriety of a full and free Conference being at a suitable time had
with your and our Committees, in which a plan may be digested matured
& adopted, calculated to effect the results so desirable to us all.

You have kindly invited us to a free communication of our
sentiments, and we have accordingly, used much freedom & candor in
the foregoing, in order that we may have a clear & distinct understanding
of each others sentiments--believing that it will require not only the
unity of sentiment, but the Cooperation of exertion in the friends of
the Indians, to secure to them, the small, the very small, pittance
of the great abundance of land which they or their Ancestors
once possess'd.

My Red Children,

I am glad to learn by your friends
Samuel Bettle

, Thomas Wistar, Thomas Stewardson and John Cook, that you
no longer live in that miserable and destitute state which you once
did. They say that most of you have become sober, and industrious;
that you have got good houses to live in, and that by cultivating the
ground and raising cattle, you have now a plenty to eat. This is to
me very good news--as I shall always rejoice to hear of the
happiness of my red Children

My Red Children
You cannot become civilized 'till you have
advanced one step further, you know that among my white children
each one has his own land separate from all others. You ought to do
the same; you ought to divide your land among families, in
lots sufficiently large to maintain a Family according to its size.
Your good friends the Quakers, would, no doubt, enable you
to make a just and equitable division. By this dividing your
land, each one could then say, this is mine; and he would
have inducements to put up good houses on it, and improve
his land by Cultivation.

My Red Children
I have annexed the seal of the United
States to this talk, so that you may know it comes from your father
the President

sign'd James Monroe 15 Jan 1819
To the Seneca Indians
living on the Alleghany Reservation

(It is desirable no copies of this should be permitted to be taken at present)

We subjoin a Copy of the writing received from the President
of the United States
, and are affectionately, your friends Thomas Eddy Richard Mott Tho. Stewardson Thomas Wistar Philadelphia 1 Mo. 10 1819