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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Letter, account of Canandaigua Treaty negotiations

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Nations visited us on the occasion and revived the subject, expressing
their gladness that friends were willing to do justice; divers conferences
were held amongst themselves and with us relative to that business, the
Issue of which was that we were all of opinion the Tuscaroras

were the
people who formerly owned that Country; they are now the sixth Nation
in the Confederacy, live on the Seneca's Land and sit with them in
Council, but we believe are not considered as having a right in the
Soil; General Chapin Superintendent of the Six Nations upon en-
quiry being of the same opinion, gave us his judgement in writing, which
we have now to present to the Meeting. About 20 Delawares also
attended the Treaty, some of whom came from Conestogoe Manor & com-
plained to us of the murder of their relations and of their having been
driven from their profsessions without any just compensation being
made, requesting we would mention it on our return, that the Injuries
done them & their people might be redressed.

Early in the Business we presented the address of friends, which
was read & interpreted, they were attentive to it's contents and expressed
their satisfaction

During our stay with them they made several speeches to us,
and some difficulties occuring in the course of the Treaty, they re-
quested our council & advice, which we gave them as well as we were
qualified in our delicate & trying situation: some of these Speeches
express a regard & friendship for our religious society, which; with some
observations & occurences contained in our Notes, may if the Meeting
thinks proper be selected with the assistance of a few friends & offered
to a future Meeting.

It may be proper to remark that altho' it afforded us satis-
faction that a Treaty was concluded in such a manner as that we
hope peace is established between the six Nations

& the United
States, yet as it confirms the right of the United States to large
Tracts of their Country which were obtained by right of conquest
we were therefore most easy to omit subscribing our Names as wit-
nesses to the Articles thereof.

At the close of the Treaty we assembled the Chiefs of all
the Nations and delivered them the presents of friends, which they