quarters of a mile wide, opposite the
town. In this
excursion I made the following observations:
From Lake Erie up to this place, is
miles. Each farm is laid out about forty perches on
the river — mostly improved, with houses, gardens,
and orchards; and extending back, where the land is
level, and abounds with grass, and where hundreds
of cattle thrive exceedingly, producing beef, butter,
cheese, veal, &c. in plenty. Their winters are about
four months, in which it is requisite to feed stock.
The country, at present, is excellently adapted for
raising live stock. The soil is mixed, and various,
clay, gravel, sand, &c. Here are fine fields of wheat,
and peas, but too wet for corn. Tile whole country
is level, to a fault, without a stone, except on islands
in the mouth of the river Croeseel, and on the banks
of the lake, which are generally limestone — these
are monopolized by old Indian traders, and sold to
the inhabitants, at a high rate, for the purpose of
building their chimnies, &c.
Hog Island is in sight, above the garrison.
appears to be well timbered. I am told it took its
name from this circumstance; being infested with
rattlesnakes to such a degree that people were afraid
to enter upon it; and, as the best expedient, they
turned on it a large herd of three or four year old
swine. In time, the hogs destroyed the reptiles so that
it became habitable, and thence was called Hog Island.
Large rafts of excellent timber are brought into
the king's yard, in this place, from the river Lau-
trench; and some fine masts and beams, come by
water out of lake Huron, quite through lake St. Clair.
The changes of weather, are great and frequent
here. There are no eels found in the waters, nor