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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Jacob Lindley’s Account

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some former wars, and were all destroyed. We
passed the mouth of the Schoharie, and stopped
about a mile higher up the river, on a beautiful
bank, where we proposed to lodge. Here I saw a
plough with two wheels, about eighteen inches dia-
meter, just before the coulter. They are in general
use in this neighbourhood, and appear to answer the
end well. Their land is level, light and rich near
the river. Their field peas are just coming up, and
appear luxuriant, and beautiful.


Had a fine wind, our little fleet hoisted their
sails, which propelled the boats against the current
at about four miles an hour, without the help of set-
ting poles or oars. Passed the Canajoharie, and a
mountain called the Nose, where is a remarkable
cave, into which one of our boatmen said he enter-
ed about five perches, but found so much wind issu-
ing out of it, that he was afraid to proceed any fur-
ther. The land in this day's rout, is very good. The
settlers here were greatly distressed, about the year
1780, by the Indians and white people who were
opposed to the principles of the revolution, and were
influenced, and, in some instances, commanded, by
John Johnson (son of Sir William) who took refuge
with the British, and came on with a party of In-
dians, &c. into his old neighbourhood, burnt their
houses, took off many prisoners, and others they
killed. Where we breakfasted, the man of the house
told us, his father and father-in-law were both killed
by them, on the same morning. Where we dined,
the woman's husband had been killed, in like man-
ner. This day we passed several old fortifications,
block houses, &c. which appeared a weak defence:
and breathing aspirations were raised, to become an