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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Journal of a Journey

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attender of meetings, and there lodged, having ridden
ten miles this day.


Rode five miles through rich land and new
road. We came to a great road, and as soon as we
entered it we came in sight of Canandaigua

, a newly
settled town containing nearly or quite fifty houses.
I was surprised to see such a place in this back
country. It stands on a beautifully elevated spot,
the buildings generally excellent, and divers of them
would cut a very good figure on the banks of the
Schuylkill for a country seat. The town commands
a pleasant prospect of a small lake about twenty
miles long and two or three wide. We rode round
the lower end of the lake and crossed the outlet;
then rode nine miles to one Gilbert's tavern, a good
stage for horses. Greater part of said nine miles is
very rich land, some of the timber more mixed with
hickory and oak than some other places; but gen-
erally through this country there is a great scarcity
of mill seats or lively streams. Then to Thomas
's, a kind man, his wife a member of our society;
seventeen miles. About midway of this stage we
passed Judge Potter's house and farm. The house is
quite grand and magnificent, and was it one story
higher would cut no inconsiderable fiture in one of
the most populous streets of Philadelphia. About
two miles beofre we came to said Lee's, we crossed a
fine stream running to the left, being the outlet of
Crooked Lake; and about one mile below the lake,
at the place we crossed said stream, there is a new
mill and saw-mill which was built by David Wag-
, one of the followers of Jemima Wilkinson, it
being a few miles from her residence. Our quarters
for ourselves and horses at this place are excellent;
and being informed that Joseph Jones, a young man
brought up in Yorktown, with whom I had some
acquaintance, lived near, I sent for him. He came
and spent the evening very agreeably to us both, and
as there appeared to be a few Friends and some
Friendly people in this settlement besides some of
Jemima's followers, who are very tired of their ad-
herence, Nathan Smith felt a draft in his mind to
have a meeting appointed, which was accordingly
done, to be held in the house where we have put up,
to begin to-morrow at eleven o'clock. This day's
ride, thirty-one miles.


Attended the appointed meeting, which was
large considering the place, it being a memorably
favoured time, in which the gospel was preached in
demonstration of the spirit and with power, and I be-
lieve many hearts contrited, divers who had been
and some who are adherents of Jemima

. After
meeting walked home with Joseph Jones; spent the
afternoon with him at his lodging where he has set
up his trade at a mill known by the name of the
"Friends' Mill," but [which] is now private property,
and will, in time, I think, be of great value, the
stream being large and durable, and a fall over the
rocks of forty feet, which completely answer for a
dam and head race for one grist mill, two saw mills,
and a fulling mill. Returned to lodge at the same


Set off early from Lee's

and rode sixteen
miles till we came in sight of Mud Lake to our left
hand. There Joshua Sharples, Nathan Smith, and
John Hill went forward, and James Cooper and my-
self took a right-hand road leading to Bath, and rode
two miles to one Stanford's, fed our horses, and dined.
Just before we came to Stanford's, Joseph Jones came
up with us and brought forward Joshua Sharples's
pocket-book, he having left and forgotten it at our
lodging. Then James Cooper followed the others
with the pocket-book. Joseph and I rode to Bath,
fourteen miles. The first part of this day's ride was
chequered with good, bad, and middling land. About
seven or eight miles before we came to Bath we
passed the upper end of Crooked Lake, it being about
twenty miles long and about three miles broad in the
widest place. About two miles above the head of
the lake, tolerably good land with improvements;
the rest of the way to the town very poor land cov-
ered with pitch pine. The town of Bath is hand-
somely situated on the bank of a branch of the Sus-
quehanna called Cohocton, containing about forty
houses, one of which is a court-house, in Steuben
. Lodged and was kindly entertained by Wil-
liam Kersey
and his wife, who appeared truly glad to
see me.


Set off early from Kersey

's, accompanied
by Joseph Jones, and rode six miles to Dolson's, where
the rest of our company lodged, they being just gone
when I arrived. I though they might have stayed
a little longer to acknowledge Joseph's kindness in
following with the articles left behind. Thence to the
Painted Post, twelve miles; it being a noted place, I
was disappointed in seeing the house and entertain-
ment. However, it was not so bad but it might be
worse. The most of this stage was very poor, rough land.
Thence to the tavern known by the name of Lind-
; a good stage, twelve miles. Immediately after
leaving the Painted Post, crossed the Cohocton, a large
stream running into the Tioga. We then rode up the
Tioga, a long, rich bottom, and crossed it twice after
leaving Lindsley's. Crossed the Cowanesque and the
Tioga twice more before we arrived at Berry's, where
we lodged; ten miles. This day's ride, forty miles.


From Berry

's to Peter's Camp, twenty-one
miles still up the Tioga, and crossed it six time.
Land and timber much as before, except in many
places very lofty white pine. On our way we fed at
one White's, twelve miles from Berry's, a newly set-
tled place, and appears as though it may in time be
good quarters. We have now ridden about forty-two
miles up the Tioga river, and crossed it ten times.
Thence to the block-house, ten miles, where we fed
and parleyed a little about staying all night. Some
were for lodgeing there, but from the general account
of the mischief done to travelers by the man of the
house or some of his family, I was all along uneasy
to stay there. The rest of my companions appearing
disposed to stay, it being then three o'clock in the
afternoon, however at last I gave up to stay, and then
they changed their purpose and set off, and I with
them, I feeling a good deal unhappy at our entering
a lonesome desert, not knowing whether we should
meet with any suitable place to encamp, and two of
our company being infirm. But on riding about