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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Journal of a Journey

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western country. We were truly glad to see each
other. This night, lodged at my kind friend, Jonas



Passed the time very agreeably amongst our
friends about Bridgeport

, on the Monogahela, in
preparing necessaries for our wilderness journey, and
lodged at the same place.


Stayed and attended meeting

at Redstone,
where was a marriages accomplished between Samuel
, hatter, formerly of York, and Ruth, the
daughter of Reese Cadwallader. Dined at our kind
friend Jonas Cattel's. Friends at this place were ex-
ceeding kind, and seemed as if they thought they
could hardly do enough for us. Got well equipped by
them for our journey and set off soon after dinner.
Crossed the beautiful river Monongahela and rode
eleven miles to one Graybil's, where we lodged. The
most of the way tolerable; good land though moun-
tainous and not equal ot Redstone land for fertility.
About ten miles from the river, on our way we
crossed a considerable stream called Pidgeon's creek,
running to the right.


Rode eight miles to one Barclay's

, got break-
fast. Nothing very remarkable occurred on our way
this stage, except as we rode a considerable way up a
branch of Mango creek, in divers places the water
fell off a smooth, horizontal rock, some place four,
some six, and some more feet; and up this narrow
valley the greatest quantity of sugar maple with
troughs for collecting sap appeared, of any place
I have yet seen, though they abound through the
country in such plenty that I think if the inhabitants
are careful, and frugal they need never import the
luxury of sugar. Even if other timber should fail
for firing, the stone-coal is plenty in these parts;
[rode] from thence to Pittsburg, fifteen miles. About
one mile from Barclay's is a sawmill occupied and
owned by one Baldwin who removed from
Newlin, a Friendly man; which I though might be
good quarters if I should ever travel this road again.
No great variations in the land except gradually de-
clining towards poor land. When we arrived on the
top of the mountain, where we got the first sight of
Pittsburg, we soon began to descend the steepest hill
I ever saw a wagon road upon, which to me appeared
almost impraticable for a good team to draw an
empty wagon up. Nevertheless the inhabitants say
they frequently go up loaded. When we descended
to the bottom we again crossed the beautiful Monon-
gahela and immediately entered the town where we
stayed the afternoon in providing some necessaries,
in which I took the opportunity to walk down to the
point or junction of the aforesaid river and the Alle-
gheny, which makes the great and grander River Ohio,
it being a delightful prospect. Also had a view of
the remains of the old French Fort Duquesne and the
English fort, which are both very much demolished
and beautiful grass-lots in their place. This town
appears to be a lively place of trade containing per-
haps 200 houses.

[To be Continued.]

EITHER we must lay self aside, or God will lay us