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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Sketch of the Manners, Customs, Religion and Government of the Seneca Indians in 1800

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satisfy us for that which we speak to them, wherefore we speak to you.
The chain of friendship will now, we hope, be made strong, as you desire
it to be - we will hold it fast - our end of it shall never rust in our hands.

Father, we told you what advice we gave to the people you are
now at war with, and we now tell you that they have promised to come
again next spring to our towns. We shall not wait for their coming,
but set out very early in the season, and how them what you have
done for us, which must convince them that you will do for them every
thing that they ought to ask. We think they will hear us and forward
our advice.

Father, you gave us leave to speak our minds concerning the till-
ing of the ground - we ask you to teach us to plough and to grind corn,
and supply us with broad axes, saws, augers, and other tools to assist us
in building a saw mill, that we may make our houses more comfortable
and more durable. That you will send smiths among us, and above all
that you will teach our children to read and write, and our women to
spin and weave. The manner of doing these things for us we leave to
you who understand them, but we assure you that we will follow your
advice as far as we are able.

To this second speech the President made them a written reply, stat-
ing, among other things, that he could not disannul treaties made with
the United States before his administration, and that, therefore, the
boundaries marked by the treaty of Fort Stanwix

must remain esta-
blished. He assured them an agent should be appointed who would not
be suffered to defraud them, or assist in defrauding them of their land;
and concluded, by saying -

You may, when you return from this city to your own country,
mention to your nation my desire for their prosperity by teaching them
the use of domestic animals, and the manner that the white people
plough and raise so much corn, and if, upon consideration, it would be
agreeable to the nation at large to learn these valuable arts, I will find
such means of teaching them, at such a place within their country as
shall be agreed upon.

To the great counsellor of the Thirteen Fires. The speech of Corn-
, Half-town, and Big Tree.

Father, no Seneca ever goes from the fire of his friend until he has
said to him I am going. We therefore tell you that we are now set-
ting out for our own country.

Father, we thank you from our hearts that we now know there is
a country we may call our own, and on which we may lay down in
peace. We see that there will be peace between your children and
our children, and our hearts are very glad. We will persuade the

and other western nations to open their eyes, and look to-