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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Sketch of the Manners, Customs, Religion and Government of the Seneca Indians in 1800

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Chautauque Lake, and land for a path from that Lake to Lake Erie,
take it where you like best. Our nation will rejoice to see it an open
path for you and your children, while the land and water remain: But
let us pass along the same way, and continue to take the fish of these
waters in common with you.

Father, You say that you will appoint an agent to take care of
us - let him come and take care of our trade, but we desire he may
have nothing to do with our land; for the agents who have come among
us, and pretended to take care of us, have always deceived us when-
ever we sold lands: both when the King and when the separate states
have bargained with us: They have, by this means, occasioned many
wars, and we are, therefore, unwilling to trust them again.

Father, When we return home, we will call a great council, and
consider well how lands may be hereafter sold by our nation, and when
we have agreed upon it, we will send you notice thereof-but we de-
sire that you will not depend upon your agent for information concern-
ing lands; for after the abuses which we have received from such men,
we will not trust them with anything concerning lands.

Father, We will not hear lies concerning you, and we desire you
will not hear lies concerning us, and then we shall certainly live in
peace with you.

Father, Our nation has long looked round for a father, but they
found none that would own them for his children, until you now tell us
that your courts are open for us as to your own people. The joy that
we feel on this great news so mixes with the sorrows that are past, that
we cannot express our gladness, nor conceal the remembrance of our
affliction - we will speak of it at another time.

Father, We are ashamed that we have listened to L-----n's lies,
or been influenced by threats of war from P-----s, and would hide that
whole transaction from the world and from ourselves, by quietly re-
ceiving what P-----s promised to give us for the land he cheated us of.
But as P-----s will not pay us according to that fraudulent bargain, we
must lay the whole proceeding before your court. When the evidence
which we can produce is heard, we think it will appear that the whole
bargain was founded upon lies which he placed one upon another - that
the goods which he had charged to us, as part payment, were plunder-
ed from us - and that if P-----s was not directly concerned in the theft,
he knew of it at the time, and concealed it from us, and that the per-
sons we confided in were bribed by him to deceive us in the bargain -
and if these facts appear, your courts will not say that such bargains
are just, but set the whole aside.

Father, the blood that was spilt near Pine Creek, is covered, and
we shall never look where it lies. We know that Pennsylvania will