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Beyond Penn's Treaty

A Mission to the Indians from the Indian Committee of Baltimore Yearly Meeting to Fort Wayne, in 1804

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Father, the President, a great many evils that
have arisen in our country, from the introduc-
tion of this liquor by the white traders.

Brothers and Friends: In addition to what
I have observed of this great evil in the
country of your red brethren, I will say further,
that it has made us poor. It is this liquor that
causes our young men to go without clothes, and
our women and children to go without anything
to eat, and sorry I am to mention now to you,
brothers, the evil is increasing every day, as the
white settlers come nearer to us, and bring those
kettles they boil that stuff in they call whiskey,
of which our young men are so extremely fond.
Brothers, when our young men have been out
hunting, and are returning home loaded with
skins and furs, on their way, if it happened that
they come along where some of this whiskey is
deposited, the White man who sells it, tells them
to take a little drink; some of them will say
no, I do not want it; they go on until they
come to another house, where they find more of
the same kind of drink; it is there again offered,
they refuse, and again the third time; but
finally the fourth or fifth time, one accepts of it
and takes a drink, and getting one, he wants
another, and then a third, and fourth, till his
senses have left him. After this, reason comes
back to him; when he gets up and finds where
he is, and asks for his peltry, the answer is, you
have drunk them. Where is my gun? It is