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Beyond Penn's Treaty

A Series of letters written on a Journey to the Oneida, Onondago, and Cayuga Tribes of the Five Nations

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Canadarquai, 7th. Mo. My dear Friends,

We arrived here on the 12th. and the next day but one I wrote
you the particulars of our journey from Oneida

Farm, in great haste, to go
by the celebrated Land Jobber Phelps, who was setting out directly, but he is not
gone yet: for as the Indians say, once he was a light Man, and could go
over the mountains from Conewaugus to Jenuchshadega but now he's
grown so fat and heavy there's no moving him from home. The Country
surrounding the beautiful Lakes that connect these Parts with the
Mohawk and the Susquehanna, abounds with Sugar Maple and al
most every Family making sugar supplies itself with ease in early in the Spring with very
little labour; They are also and is plentifully supplied with salt from a marshy Lake
near Onondago, where several hundred bushels are made in a day, and
sold at the moderate price of five shillings. It is also remarkable for
the remains of extensive Fortifications, inclosing several acres with mounds
of earth, overgrown with the largest timber, which bespeak a de
gree of labour antiquity and population unaccountable upon the present cir
cumstances of the Natives, who can give no account of their origin.
Their mode of carrying on war was by surprise and retreat, in which they often
suffered amazing extreme hardships to gratify prove their courage, or gratify
their revenge. The Five Nations have been in the practice time out of
mend, untill a few years since, of going almost every summer several many hundred miles against the
Cherokees, on the borders of Carolina and Georgia, to signalize their valour
Some old Men have been pointed out to us who have been on this bloo