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Beyond Penn's Treaty

A Series of letters written on a Journey to the Oneida, Onondago, and Cayuga Tribes of the Five Nations

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essay upon a piece of level land that has lain common a great
many years, like a public square, in the centre of their bark huts
and log houses. Upon which a few of the most tractable Youths
are to be taught as Apprentices; and the rest will have the
opportunity of observing the progress, and witnessing the reward
of their labour. When the business is got under way some of
our Young Men will occasionally visit the Tuscaroras

, above-
mentioned, Stockbridges, and Brothertons, for the necessary purposes
of putting forward their work in due season, and improving them
in the principles of husbandry and good living, in the ru-
diments of which the two latter are already pretty well grounded.
On 7th. day morning we visited the Brothertons, and were sur-
prised to find them dressed like us, speaking the same
language, and many of them almost as fair as ourselves.
Most of the Children having chesnut hair, and some curled.
They consist of 40 or 50 Families that have been brought
up in different parts of New England, Long Island, & and
so naturalized to our language, and customs that
they now use no other; which has such an effect upon
persons and principles that I am persuaded they may incorporate with the White
Inhabitants, in and age or two, upon equal terms. These
People affairs have been lately put upon an advantageous
footing by the kind interposition of the Friends of New York,