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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Account of I. Coates, J. Sharpless, & J. Pierce, visits to Indian Reservation, NY

Page out of 117

from Grand river.

Our young men here informed us there
was some improvement among the Oneidas

since they came, although not such as they wished
to have seen.

25th 2nd day.

The Oneidas

not having complied
with the wishes of Friends, as expressed to them two
years ago, a council was, this afternoon, held on
the subject. Tere are computed to be about 600 of
these Indians, all told, and are scattered over 10
or 12 miles, though the largest number is with-
in two miles of this place, They have a large
inclosure here of perhaps two hundred acres,
where they keep their horses, cows, and swine, (They
have more horses than are necessary,) and in the enclo-
sure are many of their houses. They plant their
corn, sow their wheat and oats, and have their mead-
ow lots without any fence.

It looks likely they will have to change this
mode of farming before long, for they have sold
their land, and the white people are fast setteling
on it. They have put up several houses this
spring, and we saw a number of cattle in the woods
within two miles of the Indian's corn.

There are several good houses among the
Indians. One of the chiefs has his painted red,

The main road from Albany

to the western