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Beyond Penn's Treaty

Account of I. Coates, J. Sharpless, & J. Pierce, visits to Indian Reservation, NY

Page out of 117
23rd 7 day.

We went on foot this morning, Jacob

bearing us company, to see the Tusca-
and Stockbridge Indians. They lay south
from this place up the Oneida Creek: the former
two miles off and the latter four.

The land is good with considerable bot-
tom up the creek, on which the Tuscaroras

scatteringly settled, most of them having some
enclosure of wheat, corn, mowing ground &c.,
with a considerable number of cattle, and
some horses, sheep and swine, which made a
pretty clever appearance.

On arriving at the Stockbridge

the prospect of their improvement was
more delightful, They have a large street
between two and three miles in length, which
ascends up the middle of a valley one mile or
more in width. On each side of this street
their houses are erected, 20 or 30 perches from each
other. The land on this street is mostly cleared,
and fenced off in small lots, which were in
with wheat, corn, and grass for mowing or pas-
ture. It is about 9 years since they settled here in
the woods. These first houses are mostly small
and poor: some have laterly put up pretty good
houses, and others are preparing for it.

They have gardens near their doors, and con-