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Beyond Penn's Treaty

A Mission to the Indians from the Indian Committee of Baltimore Yearly Meeting to Fort Wayne, in 1804

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near to each other, as those who live upon a stream
claim the country watered by it, they often en-
croached on each other, and this was a constant
source of war between the different nations.

The nation occupying the tract of country
last described, called themselves Lenapi

, and
among us they are better known as Delawares;
this nation consisted of five tribes, who all spoke
one language; first, the Chihohocki, who dwelt
on the west side of the river, now called Dela-
, a name given to it by Lord De-la-War,
who put into it on his passage from Virginia,
but which was called by the Indians, Chicho-
hocki. Second, the Wanami, who inhabited the
country called New Jersey, from the Raritan to
the sea. Third, the Munsey, who dwelt on the
upper streams of the Delaware, from the Kitta-
tinny mountains down to the Raritan. Fifth, the
Mahicon or Mahattan, who occupied Staten Isl-
, York Island, (which, from its being the prin-
cipal seat of their residence, was formerly called
Mahattan.) Long Island, and that part of N. York
and Connecticut, which lies between Connecticut
and Hudson rivers, from the highlands, which is
a continuance of the Kittatinny ridge down to
the sound. The nation had a close alliance
with the Shawanese, who lived on the Susque-
and to the westward of that river, as far as
the Alleghany mountains, and carried on a long